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|Термин/Аббревиатура||Определение/Расшифровка аббревиатуры||TOGA||Takeoff/Go Around|
|Термин/Аббревиатура||Определение/Расшифровка аббревиатуры||BFO (beat-frequency oscillator)||A variable radio-frequency electronic oscillator used with communications receivers when receiving unmodulated CW (continuous wave) signals. The unmodulated CW has a frequency that is too high to hear, so it is mixed with the output of the BFO. When the BFO is adjusted so its frequency is nearly the same as that of the CW signal being received, the two signals beat together and produce an audio-frequency signal that can be heard. The frequency of this AF is the difference between the frequency of the unmodulated CW and that produced by the BFO.||aircraft alteration||The modification of an aircraft, its structure, or its components which changes the physical or flight characteristics of the aircraft. The Federal Aviation Administration classifies all alterations as either major alterations or minor alterations. See major alterations, minor alterations.||mothball (equipment storage)||A term used for the preservation of equipment or machinery. When something is mothballed, it is sealed so moisture cannot get into it. Desiccant materials (materials that absorb moisture) are packed inside the equipment to absorb moisture from the air sealed in it, and the outside is covered with whatever type of protection is appropriate. Airplanes and ships that have been declared surplus by the military are often mothballed and stored in case they are ever needed again.||metallic pigment||Thin flakes of aluminum or copper that are mixed with a liquid vehicle to serve as the pigment for paint. When the paint is applied to a surface, these tiny flakes spread out to form a solid, opaque covering.||instrument approach procedure (air traffic control)||A series of predetermined maneuvers for the orderly transfer of an aircraft under instrument flight conditions from the beginning of the initial approach to a landing or to a point from which a landing may be made visually. An instrument approach procedure is prescribed and approved for a specific airport by competent authority.||“Resume normal speed” (air traffic control)||A phrase used by ATC to advise that previously issued speed control (controller assigned or as part of a published procedure) restrictions are deleted. This statement does not relieve the pilot of those speed restrictions which are applicable to 14 CFR §91.117.||pitch (sound vibrations)||The auditory perception of a sound based on a relative scale of frequency of vibration.||SWAP||Severe Weather Avoidance Plan||stabilizer (airplane control surface)||The fixed horizontal tail surface on an airplane. The stabilizer is set on the airplane so it provides the correct amount of stabilizing downward aerodynamic force when the aircraft is flying at its normal cruise speed. The elevators are hinged to the trailing edge of the stabilizer.||isothermal forming (sheet metal forming)||A method of forming sheet metal by using heated dies of metal or ceramic.|